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of the Roman Catholic Church
Religious devotion, public or private, for the duration of nine days to gain special graces, is call a Novena. Those who perform it with a lively hope of having their request granted, and with perfect resignation should it be refused, may be assured that Christ will grant some grace or blessing, though in His infinite wisdom and mercy He may refuse the particular favor which they implore.
Novenas originated in imitation of the Apostles who were gathered together in prayer for nine days from the time of Our Lord's Ascension to Pentecost Sunday. However, care must be taken lest the power of any Novena be limited to the number nine rather than perseverance in fervent prayer.
The practice of saying the Rosary nine times in the form of a Rosary Novena in petition or thanksgiving is another way of heeding Our Lady of Fatima's admonition to Pray the Rosary.
The 54 Day Novena Devotion which originated in 1884 at the Sanctuary of Our Lady of the Rosary of Pompei, consists of the daily recitation of five decades of the Rosary for twenty-seven days in petition and five decades for twenty-seven additional days in thanksgiving. In reality you will be making three Novenas in petition for a particular favor and three Novenas in thanksgiving for a particular favor.
*Note: the Mysteries of Light recommended by Pope John Paul II could be inserted in this Novena on the 2nd day, dropping the Sorrowful and the Glorious Mysteries each one day 9to the 3rd and 4th days respectively). The Joyful Mysteries could begin again on the 5th day.
THE HOLY ROSARY